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Students can write and illustrate a children’s book on anything related to North Dakota geology. Share the books with students in kindergarten through third grade after sharing them with classmates.
Have students list the dinosaurs from the “Age of Reptiles.”
Find pictures of dinosaurs from the Mesozoic Era and cut them in half. Give the students only one half of the picture and have them draw the other half any way they desire. When completed, have them give it a name and then write a descriptive paragraph about their newly created dinosaur.
Have students pantomime or act out various kinds of dinosaurs and have other students guess what kind of dinosaur is being portrayed.
Have students create a diorama (a shoe box placed flat or on its side is used, along with any materials the students may have) or a poster board depicting one of the four geologic eras from the geologic time table. This can be an individual, partner, or small-group project.
Play North Dakota Geology Bingo (blank card linked below). Have the students fill in the blank boxes with geology words provided. Shuffle the vocabulary cards with the definitions for the caller to use. The caller will select a card, read the definition, and the students will place a marker on the word that matches the definition. When BINGO is called, the student must read the word and give the definition before it is counted.
Have students create a North Dakota geology board game using the North Dakota geology questions provided.
Have students play these games using questions from the text: BINGO, Jeopardy, Wheel of Fortune, Trivial Pursuit, etc. The following site is a wonderful site with templates, directions, and examples of Jeopardy, Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, or Hollywood Squares using PowerPoint. Possible categories: Geologic Eras; Geologic Periods; Dinosaurs; Glacial Effects or Remains; Rocks, Minerals, Fossils, Deposits.
Have students list the major geological eras of North Dakota and give characteristics of each.
Have students graph, chart, or create a timeline for the major geological eras of North Dakota from oldest to most recent.
Students can illustrate dinosaurs from the Mesozoic Era and describe each in detail either in writing or orally to another classmate. (Note: One student could describe the dinosaur while the other student draws what is being described)
Have students illustrate and describe the mammals present during the Tertiary Period or the “Age of Mammals.”
Have students write and perform puppet shows, slide shows (electronic or hand created), TV shows, etc., teaching about each of the geological eras of North Dakota.
“What if…” you lived during any of these eras? How would you have felt? Could you have survived? Which era would have most interested you and why?
Reflect on the causes of extinction of dinosaurs. This could also be used as a debate topic.
Have students create poetry corresponding to the North Dakota Studies unit they are studying:
Couplets (two-line stanza that rhymes).
Triplets (three-line poems). A triplet may be written in the shape of a triangle and can be read by starting at any corner.
ABC Poetry (Start with A and go through the alphabet writing a word for each letter. You may make several sentences, but the information should be about North Dakota.)
Acrostic Poems (The first letters of the line spell out a word that has something to do with the poem.)
Lanterns (Japanese poem that is written in the shape of a Japanese lantern).
Using the colored Prehistoric Life of North Dakota map provided and/or the Internet site below, have students select an animal found on the map, compare the fossil remains with the actual animal, research that animal, illustrate or create a replica of it, and either write a report, create a poster with the appropriate information provided, write a nonfiction book about the selected animal, or provide another means of demonstrating knowledge for the selected animal.
Students can define, list, describe, and/or categorize fossils found in North Dakota.
Have students research surface mining of lignite coal and graphically organize the steps in mining lignite coal in North Dakota.
Have students use a two-circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the characteristics of the Quaternary Period with the Tertiary Period.
Students can use a two-circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the characteristics of herbivores and carnivores.
Have students use the geology vocabulary included in this packet to create word games, word searches, mazes, crack the code, etc. These can be created by subscribing to site below. This site grants you the right to reproduce as many worksheets as needed for noncommercial, individual, or classroom use.
Students can take any geology vocabulary word and create as many words as possible using only the letters found in that word (e.g., glaciers = ice, race, glare, slice, etc.).
Students can create a rap song or a jingle which could be used to teach others about the geology of North Dakota. Use the vocabulary and definitions provided. Good tunes to use for a jingle include: “Row, Row, Row Your Boat,” “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star,” etc. However, students can create their own tune with songs they are familiar with.
Have students write each word 2–3 times with each hand. (These are strong activities as they promote greater brain activity and concentration.)
Have students compose a fiction/nonfiction story using North Dakota geological vocabulary.
Have students write each word (cursive) at least three times.