Part 3: Vocabulary

Blacksmith:

  • A person who makes and shapes things out of iron

Charbonneau, Jean Baptiste:

  • Sakakawea and Toussaint Charbonneau’s baby
  • Nicknamed “Pomp”

Charbonneau, Toussaint:

  • Husband of Sakakawea
  • A French-Canadian hired as a Hidatsa interpreter

Civilian:

  • Person who is not in the army

Clark, William:

  • Led the Corps of Discovery with Meriwether Lewis in 1804–06
  • Explored the Louisiana Territory and traveled to the Pacific Ocean

Corps of Discovery:

  • Official name of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

Epidemic:

  • Rapidly-spreading disease

Expedition:

  • Journey

Forge:

  • Small open furnace used by a blacksmith to heat iron so it can be shaped

Fort Mandan:

  • Winter home of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1804–05
  • Located near present-day Washburn

"Janey":

  • Nickname William Clark called Sakakawea

Jefferson, Thomas:

  • Third President of the United States
  • Purchased the Louisiana Territory for the United States from France
  • Sent Lewis and Clark to explore the Louisiana Territory

Keelboat:

  • Large, flat-bottomed boat used for hauling cargo

Lewis, Meriwether:

  • Led the Corps of Discovery with William Clark in 1804–06
  • Explored the Louisiana Territory and traveled to the Pacific Ocean

Pirogue:

  • Type of canoe dug out from a log

“Pomp”:

  • Nickname of Sakakawea and Toussaint Charbonneau’s baby
  • Real name was Jean Baptiste

Sakakawea:

  • Wife of Toussaint Charbonneau who was hired by the expedition as a Hidatsa interpreter
  • Traveled with the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the Pacific Ocean and back, carrying her baby
  • Helped the expedition succeed
  • One of the most famous women in the history of the United States
  • Largest lake in North Dakota is named after her

Seaman:

  • Newfoundland dog that belonged to Meriwether Lewis

York:

  • Only African-American (Black) member of the Corps of Discovery